“I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted.
‘Who is this that hides counsel without knowledge?’ Therefore I have uttered what I did not understand, things too wonderful for me, which I did not know. .......... And the Lord restored the fortunes of Job, when he had prayed for his friends. And the Lord gave Job twice as much as he had before."
................. book of Job Chapter 42 verses 2-3, 10
Here is the story of Satyakama Jabala, a Shudra (a spiritual outcast) as told in the Upanishad:
“At last the youth (Satyakama) arrived at the home of his master and reverently presented himself before him. As soon as Gautama saw him, he exclaimed: ‘My son, your face shines like a knower of Brahman. By whom were you taught?’ ‘By beings other than men,’ replied Satyakama; ‘but I desire that you too should teach me. For I have heard from the wise that the knowledge that the teacher imparts will alone lead to the supreme good.’ Then the sage taught him that knowledge, and left nothing out” ........................Chandogya Upanishad 4:9:1-3
There are two possible paths that are essential in attaining the highest level of truth. The first is the acceptance of the purpose of a life process as Divinely ordained in complete devotional surrender and the second is the seeking of the highest knowledge through a source of wisdom. The two events in the life of Job and Satyakama are examples in mythological representation as to how a transcendence takes place through the paths we have defined.
Let us take the case of Job. Here I would like to use the understanding and analysis of Carl Jung, which is detailed in his book 'Answer to Job', as the Hebrew Old Testament was written as a precursor and evolving prequel to the spiritual consciousness of humanity and become manifest as Divine incarnation through man or Christ consciousness. The whole drama of God's wager with Satan and the trials that Job had is the backdrop of a human consciousness surpassing the judging Yahweh and hence through Yahweh's acceptance of the superior moral strength of Job surrenders into an elevated human consciousness to be reincarnated at the primal form through a human manifestation and experiencing the very same trials and tribulation in a process of redemption or liberation of all lower consciousness in creation. This is a very deep analysis which does not find favour in any theological discussion but has a high impact in the psychological underpinning of the potentialities of the human consciousness in all its three states of existence.
In a literal reading of the Book of Job, one is screened from this layer of a deep set of knowledge but the path becomes very visible to the common man as to how through unflinching faith in the life process and warding off external influences thrown at us every moment, especially when we are assailed by loss and pain, we can ascend to superior realization of our true nature of being one with the Divine. The verses quoted above demonstrates the implicit surrender of his personal knowledge as being far inferior to the that of the Divine.
There are primarily three players in this drama; namely God, Satan and the human, who are all equal but different aspects of the same universal unconsciousness (jung's classification)
In the story of Satyakama in the Upanishad another dimension of highest realization is brought out.
To be a true Brahmin one has to be in the state of full realization of Brahman which is equivalent to Self realization or the realization of the highest truth. The path to highest truth starts with the initial step of being true to oneself beyond the self limiting ego.
Satyakama was a young lad to whom his current personal status did not matter and he truthfully approaches the Guru and the Upanishad says:
"Thereupon the boy went to Gautama and asked to be accepted as a student. ‘Of what family are you, my lad?’ inquired the sage. Satyakama replied: ‘I asked my mother what my family name was, and she answered: “I do not know. In my youth I was a servant and worked in many places. I do not know who was your father. I am Jabala, and you are Satyakama. Call yourself Satyakama Jabala!” I am therefore Satyakama Jabala, sir.’ Then said the sage: ‘None but a true Brahmin would have spoken thus. Go and fetch fuel, for I will teach you. You have not swerved from the truth.'"
.............Chandogya Upanishad 4:4:3,4.
As Job realized his folly of trying to understand the mind of the Divine and surrendered himself to the Divine will so also Satyakama realized his spiritual status as being a shudra but sought the guidance of the Guru Gautama to be taught the highest knowledge. The Guru immediately realizes the nature of Satyakama's consciousness and directs him to the forest where, as compared to his other disciples, he has the potential to transcend to highest level of Jñāna far beyond what can be learned through the intellect of the Guru.
These first two verses teaches us that through unflinching devotion as well as through a candid approach, devoid of all ego, to the very source of wisdom one can seek the highest level of truth and thus transcend to the highest level of consciousness.
These two paths are Bakthi Yoga and Jñāna Yoga.