Sunday, June 30, 2013

Transcendental Knowledge

"The Personality of Godhead, Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa, said: I instructed this imperishable science of yoga to the sun-god, Vivasvān, and Vivasvān instructed it to Manu, the father of mankind, and Manu in turn instructed it to Ikṣvāku.
This supreme science was thus received through the chain of disciplic succession, and the saintly kings understood it in that way. But in course of time the succession was broken, and therefore the science as it is appears to be lost.
That very ancient science of the relationship with the Supreme is today told by Me to you because you are My devotee as well as My friend and can therefore understand the transcendental mystery of this science." .............Bhagavad-Gita chapter 4:1-3

These are the first three verses of chapter four of Bhagavad-Gita wherein the science of Transcendental Knowledge is taught to Arjuna. The introduction explains the lineage of the supreme knowledge. This knowledge is the relationship between the manifest humanity and the supreme Godhead. This is the meaning of Yoga, it is that which ties together the two aspects of the manifest and the supreme unmanifest.

In classical commentary, it is normally taken to be that the very scriptures, the Vedas, have come down in unbroken fashion from time immemorial to the present day. This was a misunderstood concept as the second verse says that the succession was broken due to the shift of consciousness  as classified in the yuga system. If a system of communication of this supreme knowledge was to be achieved without corruption, then this mode of communication has to be above the pure mental or intellectual level as all derivatives of these faculties such as language and art are subjective to local culture and conscious experience.

Imperishable science cannot be taught at the intellectual level through speech or writing as a language is involved and language is a pure structural derivative of mental concepts. The instruction and its communication has to transcend the intellectual domain. This is the reason it is called 'Transcendental Knowledge'. This leads to the examination of the nature of communication which could not have been epistemological or ontological. An objective world view as to the nature of the supreme would have utterly failed to transmit the true knowledge. A teleological grasping of this supreme reality would also be very limiting as any a posteriori concept would not be beyond falsification.

The only method which achieves the transmission of 'Transcendental Knowledge' without corruption is through a cosmological, intuitive methodology. This is what the first verse points out that the first transmission was from the Supreme Godhead to Vivasvān. Vivasvān then instructs Manu, the father of mankind and he in turn instructed it to Ikṣvāku. In Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.51.14, it is clearly pointed out that Ikṣvāku was the grandson of Vivasvān, the Sun God. This is an allegorical hierarchy of the unpolluted lineage of the all knowing Divine potential from the individual soul to the primal man and on to the creator, the Solar deity and then on to Cosmic domain. Today we are classifying in the study of consciousness the four levels which have an unbroken chain of connectivity. This being self consciousness, planetary consciousness, Solar consciousness and Galactic consciousness (cosmic consciousness).

When the individual becomes rooted in self consciousness, dominated by the sensory modifications and materialistic cravings of the ego, the imperishable science of yoga is lost and a disconnect happens between the individual and the supreme Godhead.

The purpose of the instruction of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa to Arjuna was to impart this supreme knowledge through an inner awakening.

Love to you all.

No comments :

Post a Comment