Friday, April 8, 2011

Liberation through Jñana

“One must deliver himself with the help of his mind, and not degrade himself. The mind is the friend of the conditioned soul, and his enemy as well………………...BG 6:5

In his commentary on the above verse, Srila Prabhupada says;
“The word Atman denotes body, mind and soul—depending upon different circumstances. In the yoga system, the mind and the conditioned soul are especially important. Since the mind is the central point of yoga practice, Atman refers here to the mind. The purpose of the yoga system is to control the mind and to draw it away from attachment to sense objects. It is stressed herein that the mind must be so trained that it can deliver the conditioned soul from the mire of nescience. In material existence one is subjected to the influence of the mind and the senses. In fact, the pure soul is entangled in the material world because the mind is involved with the false ego, which desires to lord it over material nature.”

This is further elaborated in Amrita-bindu Upanishad, verse 2;
“For man, mind is the cause of bondage and mind is the cause of liberation. Mind absorbed in sense objects is the cause of bondage, and mind detached from the sense objects is the cause of liberation.”

While the importance of mind control through a system of yoga is recommended, it is not elaborated as to how this can be achieved in an effective manner. I strongly believe that though spiritual practices such as Bhakti (worship), Nishkamakarma (selfless service) and Tapas (fasting) and Dhyana (meditation) are used as tools, the strongest tool which conditions the mind is Jñana (path of supreme knowledge). The basic difference and why this route is more efficient and perennial is due to the fact that the mind itself, which is being conditioned, is turned into a tool for transformation.

Man, in today’s world, is by nature a highly rational being. The moment the mind is deactivated through faith, as in worship, or through ego suppression in selfless service or through denial in control and contemplative exercises, it reacts vehemently to assert its presence.
Even if we strongly deny the ego dominated mind, it lurks in the background gathering its own allies from the vast repository of memories and sense impressions to counter the effects of yogic exercises.
In jñana marga (wisdom path), the mind is employed to realize the deeper levels of reality beyond sense perception and made to realize the transcendent and holistic nature of the body, mind and soul composition known as the human.

Again the Amrita-bindu Upanishad, verse 20 says;
“Like the butter hidden in milk, the Pure Consciousness resides in every being. That ought to be constantly churned out by the churning rod of the mind.”

It is pure consciousness, which is a sub-Planck field of pure vibration of multidimensional space, which is the constituent of all that is manifest and unmanifest. (purely the author's understanding)

Through this understanding an internal fusion takes place between rationality and pure consciousness. While rationality operates through the mind, pure consciousness emanates at the heart level. Anahata Chakra is the level at which the transition from the physical level to the cosmic level takes place. By merging these two faculties a process of transcendence is initiated.

This is stated in the following text (Amrita-bindu Upanishad, verse 5,6);
“The mind should be controlled to that extent in which it gets merged in the heart. This is Jñana (realization) and this is Dhyana (meditation) also, all else is argumentation and verbiage.
(The Supreme State) is neither to be thought of (as being something external and pleasing to the mind), nor unworthy to be thought of (as something unpleasant to the mind); nor is It to be thought of (as being of the form of sense-pleasure), but to be thought of (as the essence of the ever-manifest, eternal, supreme Bliss Itself); that Brahman which is free from all partiality is attained in that state.”

Love to you all

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