Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Identity of Contraries

Lionel Giles the author of “Musings of a Chinese Mystic” quotes the Taoist sage Chuang Tzu (Zhuangzi), regarding the dichotomy or duality of all construction of a subjective and objective composition of human perception.

He says take the breath of the universe, what we call the wind, when it is active it sounds as the sigh of the bamboo or the howling in the valley. But when employed in a flute or a pipe it is a melodious music. The effect of the wind upon these various apertures is not uniform. But what is it that gives to each the individuality, to all the potentiality, of sound? It is the same essence of moving air.

In the human body all the parts have various functions. Some may appear extremely complex like that of the brain. Some appear very ordinary like the movement of the hand. But what drives every cell in the body is the same energy.

The subjective and objective duality is the construct of a conditioned thinking through limited knowledge. Only from subjective knowledge is it possible to proceed to objective knowledge. Hence it can be said that the objective emanates from the subjective; the subjective is consequent upon the objective. All actualities are manifest form of potentialities and all potentialities are unmanifest form of actualities.

An undifferentiated view is the axis of Tao. This is lucidly said by Chuang Tzu in the following words:

"And inasmuch as the subjective is also objective, and the objective also subjective, and as the contraries under each are indistinguishably blended, does it not become impossible for us to say whether subjective and objective really exist at all?

"When subjective and objective are both without their correlates, that is the very axis of Tao. And when that axis passes through the centre at which all Infinities converge, positive and negative alike blend into an infinite One. . . Therefore it is that, viewed from the standpoint of Tao, a beam and a pillar are identical. So are ugliness and beauty, greatness, wickedness, perverseness, and strangeness. Separation is the same as construction: construction is the same as destruction. Nothing is subject either to construction or to destruction, for these conditions are brought together into One.”

Root cause for world strife and misery lies in this differentiation. With this knowledge and through deep reflection and meditation, let us move to a higher plane of existence.

Love to you all

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